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Know Your Blood Sugar

 

The more you know about your type 2 diabetes, the better you can manage your condition. A key part of that is understanding how your blood sugar can fluctuate throughout the day.

Use the illustrated chart at right to help understand why your blood sugar goes up at different times during the day and night.

It’s important to follow your treatment plan, monitor your blood sugar and work closely with your healthcare team.

 

Track Your Type 2 Numbers

  • Why your blood sugar
    goes up after you eat

    Your digestive system breaks down food into sugar (glucose). This increases signals, called incretins. Incretins tell the pancreas to release insulin in response to food.
  • Why your blood sugar
    goes up after you eat

    With
    Type 2 Diabetes
    Without
    Type 2 Diabetes
    When you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t release enough insulin or your body’s cells may not use insulin properly. This can cause your blood sugar level to spike too high after meals.



  • Why your blood sugar goes
    up when you are sleeping

    A different signal from your pancreas, called glucagon, tells your liver to release an appropriate amount of sugar into the bloodstream when you are sleeping and between meals.
  • Why your blood sugar goes
    up when you are sleeping

    When you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas releases too much glucagon. This makes your liver release too much sugar, and your blood sugar level can rise, even when you are sleeping.
Type 2 Diabetes Doctor Discussion Guide
Our printable Discussion Guide can help you cover the type 2 diabetes topics that matter the most to you when you meet with your doctor.
Have Questions?
Build your knowledge about type 2 diabetes with
our Questions and Answers section.